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Glossary of Terms

skeletal diagram

MANUAL MEDICINE- A system of medicine that addresses the musculoskeletal system which comprises over 60% of the human organism and through which examination of the other organ systems must be made. Manual medicine considers the functional capacity of the human organism and involves the therapeutic application of the hands in patient care.

"WHOLE BODY"- A view of all regions of the body as a complete entity, which considers all regions that may potentially cause or contribute to the complaint, rather than just focusing on the site of the pain or complaint.

MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM- Also known as the locomotor system. The human musculoskeletal system is the organ system that enables humans the ability to physically move, by using the muscles and bones. It consists of the muscular system and the human skeleton. Bones are connected to each other at the joints by ligaments or cartilage and skeletal muscle is attached to bones, by tendons.

MUSCULOSKELETAL- Relating to or composed of muscles and bones

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO)- A United Nations (UN) specialised agency that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health and disease. WHO was established on 7th April,1948, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION- The British Medical Association (BMA) is the professional association and registered trade union for doctors in the United Kingdom. The association does not regulate or certify doctors, this responsibility lies with the General Medical Council (GMC). The BMA has a range of representative and scientific committees and is recognised by NHS Employers as sole contract negotiators for doctors. The aim for the BMA is "to promote the medical and allied sciences, and to maintain the honour and interests of the medical profession".

SOMATIC- The word comes from the Greek word "Somatikos", meaning "of the body". Refers to the holistic relationship of the body and mind.

NEUROLOGICAL- Pertaining to the function of the nervous system & the integrity of its nerves.

ORTHOPAEDIC- Pertaining to the musculoskeletal system, extremities, spine and associated structures (ligaments, cartilage, joint capsule etc). Orthopaedic testing may include muscle function and quality of blood flow.

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